TRIO is a set of federally-funded college opportunity programs that motivate and support students from disadvantaged backgrounds in their pursuit of a college degree. An estimated 790,000 low-income, first-generation students and students with disabilities — from sixth grade through college graduation — are served by over 2,800 programs nationally. TRIO programs provide academic tutoring, personal counseling, mentoring, financial guidance, and other supports necessary for educational access and retention. TRIO programs provide direct support services for students, and relevant training for directors and staff.
The TRIO programs were the first national college access and retention programs to address the serious social and cultural barriers to education in America. (Previously only college financing had been on policymakers' radar.) TRIO began as part of President Lyndon B. Johnson's War on Poverty. The Educational Opportunity Act of 1964 established an experimental program known as Upward Bound. Then, in 1965, the Higher Education Act created Talent Search. Finally, another program, Special Services for Disadvantaged Students (later known as Student Support Services), was launched in 1968. Together, this “trio” of federally-funded programs encouraged access to higher education for low-income students. By 1998, the TRIO programs had become a vital pipeline to opportunity, serving traditional students, displaced workers, and veterans. The original three programs had grown to nine, adding Educational Opportunity Centers and Veterans Upward Bound in 1972, Training Program for Federal TRIO programs in 1976, the Ronald E. McNair Post-baccalaureate Achievement Program in 1986, Upward Bound Math/Science in 1990, and the TRIO Dissemination Partnership in 1998.
As mandated by Congress, two-thirds of the students served must come from families with incomes at 150% or less of the federal poverty level and in which neither parent graduated from college. More than 2,800 TRIO projects currently serve close to 790,000 low-income Americans. Many programs serve students in grades six through 12. Thirty-five percent of TRIO students are Whites, 35% are African-Americans, 19% are Hispanics, 4% are Native Americans, 3% are Asian-Americans, and 4% are listed as "Other," including multiracial students. More than 7,000 students with disabilities and approximately 6,000 U.S. veterans are currently enrolled in the TRIO programs as well.
More than 1,000 colleges, universities, community colleges, and agencies now offer TRIO Programs in America, the Caribbean, and the Pacific Islands. TRIO funds are distributed to institutions through competitive grants.
The United States needs to boost both its academic and economic competitiveness globally. In order to foster and maintain a healthy economy as well as compete globally, the United States needs a strong, highly-educated, and competent workforce. To be on par with other nations, the country needs students, no matter their background, who are academically prepared and motivated to achieve success.
Low-income students are being left behind. Only 38% of low-income high school seniors go straight to college as compared to 81% of their peers in the highest income quartile. Then, once enrolled in college, low-income students earn bachelor's degrees at a rate that is less than half of that of their high-income peers — 21% as compared with 45%.
The growing achievement gap in our country is detrimental to our success as a nation. There is a tremendous gap in educational attainment between America's highest and lowest income students — despite similar talents and potential. While there are numerous talented and worthy low-income students, relatively few are represented in higher education, particularly at America's more selective four-year colleges and universities. While nearly 67% of high-income, highly-qualified students enroll in four-year colleges, only 47% of low-income, highly-qualified students enroll. Even more startling, 77% of the least-qualified, high-income students go on to college, while roughly the same proportion of the most-qualified low-income students that go on to college. (ACSFA 2005).
Educational Opportunity Centers located throughout the country primarily serve displaced or underemployed workers from families. These Centers help individuals to choose a college and a suitable financial aid program. There are 165 Educational Opportunity Centers in America serving more than 225,000 individuals. Recent analysis of performance data of the Educational Opportunity Centers found that more than half (57.6%) of "college-ready" students enrolled in institutions of higher learning and 71% of eligible EOC participants (high school seniors, postsecondary dropouts, etc.) applied to college.
The Ronald E. McNair Postbaccalaureate Achievement program is designed to encourage low-income students and minority undergraduates to consider careers in college teaching as well as prepare for doctoral study. Students who participate in this program are provided with research opportunities and faculty mentors. This program was named in honor of the astronaut who died in the 1986 space-shuttle explosion. Currently, there are 151 projects, serving more than 4,300 students. According to recent performance data, in 2013-14, 69% of McNair participants who graduated in 2010-11 were enrolled in graduate school; meanwhile, 83% of students who first enrolled in graduate school in 2012-2013 persisted in their studies.
Student Support Services projects work to enable low-income students to stay in college until they earn their baccalaureate degrees. Participants, who include disabled college students, receive tutoring, counseling and remedial instruction. More than 203,000 students are now being served by 1,071 Student Support Service programs at colleges and universities nationwide. Recent studies of Student Support Services found that program participation resulted in statistically significant higher rates of student retention and transfer, improved grade point averages, and credit accumulation. Program participants also bested their similarly situated peers in degree completion at both two-year colleges (41% vs. 28%) and four-year colleges (48% vs. 40%).
Talent Search projects serve young people in grades six through 12. In addition to counseling, participants receive information about college admissions requirements, scholarships and various student financial aid programs. This early intervention program helps youth from low-income families to better understand their educational opportunities and options. More than 316,000 students are enrolled in 481 Talent Search TRIO projects. According to the more recent data collected by the U.S. Department of Education, 80% of Talent Search participants enrolled in postsecondary institutions immediately following high school graduation.
Upward Bound (UB) is an intensive intervention program that prepares students for higher education through various enrichment courses. Campus-based UB programs provide students instruction in literature, composition, mathematics, science, and foreign language during the school year and the summer. UB also provides intensive mentoring and support for students as they prepare for college entrance exams and tackle admission applications, financial aid, and scholarship forms. Recent analysis from the U.S. Department of Education showed that 86 percent of Upward Bound students in the 2013–14 high school graduation cohort enrolled immediately in college following high school graduation.
Using a similar model to Upward Bound, Upward Bound Math-Science provides students with a rigorous math and science curriculum in high school to encourage and enable them to successfully major in critically important science, technology, engineering, and math (STEM) disciplines in college. Indeed, 70% of Upward Bound Math-Science programs have postsecondary enrollments of 80% or higher.
The Veterans Upward Bound program provides intensive basic skills development and short-term remedial courses for military veterans to helps them successfully transition to postsecondary education. Veterans learn how to secure support from available resources such as the Veterans Administration, veterans associations, and various state and local agencies that serve veterans. According to the National Association of Veterans Upward Bound Program Personnel, in 2010-2011, more than 60% of recent program participants were enrolled in postsecondary education programs.
The font used in the logo is Humana Sans Bold. You can download the (.jpg) format of any TRIO logo by clicking on the links below. Once you can see the logo, right-click it and save it to your computer.
Plain TRIO Logo Red (.jpg), Plain TRIO Logo Grayscale (.jpg), Educational Opportunity Center Red (.jpg), Educational Opportunity Center Grayscale (.jpg), McNair Program Red (.jpg), McNair Program Grayscale (.jpg), Student Support Services Red (.jpg), Student Support Services Grayscale (.jpg), Talent Search Red (.jpg), Talent Search Grayscale (.jpg), Upward Bound Red (.jpg), Upward Bound Grayscale (.jpg), Upward Bound Math-Science Red (.jpg), Upward Bound Math-Science Grayscale (.jpg), Veterans Upward Bound Red (.jpg), Veterans Upward Bound Grayscale (.jpg).
You can download the (.eps) format of any TRIO logo by left or right-clicking on the links below. If right-clicking, please select "Save Target As..." or "Save Link As..." to save the logo to your computer.
Plain TRIO Logo Red (.eps), Plain TRIO Logo Grayscale (.eps), Educational Opportunity Center Red (.eps), McNair Program Red (.eps), Student Support Services Red (.eps), Talent Search Red (.eps), Upward Bound Red (.eps), Upward Bound Math-Science Red (.eps), Veterans Upward Bound Red (.eps).
Should you have any questions when applying these logos, please contact the Webmaster (firstname.lastname@example.org).
TRIO — To subscribe, please go to (http://listserv.uwm.edu/mailman/listinfo/trio-list). To post a message to the listserv, send your e-mail to (email@example.com).
TRIO-EOC — To join the TRIO-EOC listserv, go to (http://listserv.uwm.edu/mailman/listinfo/trio-listeoc). To post a message to the listserv, send your e-mail to (firstname.lastname@example.org).
TRIO-McNair — To subscribe to the listserv, please click here and enter your information as requested. You will be sent an e-mail requesting confirmation. Once confirmation is received, your request will be held for approval by the list moderator. You will be notified of the moderator's decision by e-mail.
TRIO-Talent Search — To join the TRIO-TS listserv, go to (http://listserv.uwm.edu/mailman/listinfo/trio-listts). To post a message to the listserv, send your e-mail to (email@example.com).
TRIO-Veterans Upward Bound — Only staff that work for a Veterans Upward Bound (VUB) program can join this listserv. If you work for a VUB program and would like to join the listserv, visit the National Veterans Upward Bound Project Personnel (NVAUBPP) website at (http://navub.org/). Click on “Subscribe to NAVUBPP listserv” located in the bottom right corner of the page.
NEOCA — The National Educational Opportunity Centers Association (NEOCA) supports Educational Opportunity Centers and similar programs who aid low-income, first-generation secondary and postsecondary students to achieve a better life and quality education. To join the listserv, visit NEOCA's website at (http://www.neoca.us/) or go to (http://mailman.listserve.com/listmanager/listinfo/neoca/).
ASPIRE (represents the states of Colorado, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Utah and Wyoming) — Members of the ASPIRE region are automatically added to the ASPIRE mailing list. If you are a member of ASPIRE and do not receive messages from the mailing list, please contact Dawn Eckhardt by completing the form at (http://aspireonline.org/membership/regional-membership/).
EOA (represents the states of Iowa, Illinois, Indiana, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, Ohio and Wisconsin) — To subscribe to the EOA mailing and e-mailing list, please click here and enter your information as requested.
NAEOP (represents the states of Alaska, Idaho, Oregon and Washington) — To subscribe to the NAEOP listserv, please go to (https://www.lists.pdx.edu/lists/listinfo/naeop). To post a message to the listserv, send your e-mail to (firstname.lastname@example.org). For any questions regarding the NAEOP listserv, please contact (email@example.com).
NEOA (represents the states of Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, Rhode Island, and Vermont) — To subscribe, send an e-mail to (firstname.lastname@example.org) with SUBSCRIBE NEOA <YOUR NAME> in the body. To post a message to the listserv, send your e-mail to (email@example.com).
WESTOP (represents the states and territories of American Samoa, Arizona, California, Federated States of Micronesia, Guam, Hawaii, Marshall Islands, Nevada, Northern Marina islands and Palau) — To subscribe to the listserv, please click here and enter your information as requested. Once you are subscribed, you will receive a message confirming your subscription. To post a message to the listserv, send your e-mail to (firstname.lastname@example.org).
Members of the Colorado ASPIRE are automatically added to the Colorado listserv. If you are a member and do not receive messages from the listserv, please contact Jessica Lanfranco-Caballero at (email@example.com).
Kentucky Association of Educational Opportunity Programs Personnel (KAEOPP) — Only staff that work for TRIO Programs in Kentucky can join this listserv. Visit KAEOPP’s website at (http://kaeopp.org/) and locate the Yahoo! Groups button to join the listserv.
Massachusetts Educational Opportunity Center (MEOA) — To subscribe to the MEOA listserv, send an e-mail to (firstname.lastname@example.org) with SUB MEOA <FIRST NAME> <LAST NAME> in the body. You do not need a subject. This listserv is for MEOA members only.
South Carolina Council of Educational Opportunity Programs Personnel (SCCEOPP) — To subscribe to the SCCEOPP listserv, send an e-mail to (email@example.com). Only TRIO professionals are typically allowed access but that is ultimately determined by the administrator.
Vermont-TRIO — To subscribe to the listserv, send an e-mail to (firstname.lastname@example.org) with SUB VT-TRIO <FIRST NAME> <LAST NAME> in the body. You do not need a subject.
WESTOP Pacific Islands Chapter — To subscribe to the listserv, please click here and enter your information as requested. Once you are subscribed, you will receive a message confirming your subscription. To post a message to the listserv, send your e-mail to (email@example.com).
Rhode Island Educational Opportunity Association (RIEOA) — To subscribe to the RIEOA listserv, send an e-mail to (firstname.lastname@example.org) with SUB RIEOA <FIRST NAME> <LAST NAME> in the body. You do not need a subject.
We are pleased you are interested in the Standards and Guidelines developed by the Council for the Advancement of Standards in Higher Education (CAS). This CAS member association has permission to post a link to this standard (.pdf) on their website. Standards are developed through a consensus model of member associations and other experts, including the association on whose page this link is found. You are invited to use the attached CAS statement in the design and assessment of your programs and for your staff training and development. This statement may not be duplicated for other purposes without permission from CAS. This standard and all other standards are available along with info on self-assessment procedures in the most recent ed. of the CAS Professional Standards for Higher Ed book.